Token Economies

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Standards of Practice:

Differentiate between the use of “token reinforcement systems”   which are generally used to thin the schedule of reinforcement from a CRF/FR1 to an intermittent schedule from a comprehensive token economy where adaptive and maladaptive behavior may access points or tokens and access to privileges,  reinforcers etc. are contingent upon earning pre-specified levels of points/tokens.

Pre-requisites activities when establishing and using token economies:

1) establishing tokens as generalized conditioned reinforcers (this must occur prior to implementing a token economy)

2) Setting the token values

3) setting the values of adaptive/maladaptive behaviors

4)  determining when exchange/cash in can occur






Additional Considerations:


Sandeep K Sran, John C Borrero
J Appl Behav Anal. 2010 Fall; 43(3): 553–557. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2010.43-553
Ivor Stilitz
J Appl Behav Anal. 2009 Winter; 42(4): 925–926. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2009.42-925
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